“The Commission is of the view that the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 should be applicable to tribal communities being displaced from tiger reserves and wildlife sanctuaries. The NCST holds the view that the tribals are not being adequately compensated at the moment. So it arrived at this decision on Friday, that the LARR Act should be applicable to tribals in the reserve belts,” said the official. The LARR Act has provisions for compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement of communities when their land is taken away. Read more
Courtesy: The New Indian Express
NEW DELHI: Declare land acquisition for Rourkela Steel Plant null and void with retrospective effect – National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) has asked Odisha Governor to step in and protect interests of tribals who are being unfairly evicted from their rightful land.
In a first, the Commission has asked Odisha governor to exercise special powers granted in the Constitution for Scheduled Areas and cancel land acquired for Rourkela Steel Plant expansion plan. The move comes after the Commission examined complaints received from tribals living in the area and numerous field visits over the last 18 months. The tribals of Ruputola and Luakera villages in Rourkela had complained to NCST that they had been living in the area for over 50 years and were being wrongfully evicted after the plant’s expansion plans firmed up. Read more
Courtesy: The Economic Times
Due to the lack of clean drinking water, two lakh people die every year. Moreover, 54 percent of India’s groundwater sources / wells are drying up.
By 2020, groundwater is expected to end in 21 major cities of the country. In India, there are ongoing disputes between the 11 states regarding water, like the Cauvery water dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
These crises grew when the government stood in favour of an open and uncontrolled market. On the other hand, Delhi’s air has not been viable to breathe. 26 states of the country believe that desertification is growing at a fast pace. Approximately 30 percent of the country has come under the scope of desertification, where dust storms are rising at an unprecedented speed. Read more
It was in September last year that Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe laid the foundation stone in Gujarat for the Mumbai-Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor – the bullet train project.
However, contrary to the expectations, the project is not off to a flying start.
The work on the ground for this Rs 1.08 lakh crore project began in December 2017, but since then much of the development has been hampered by protests against land acquisitions done mostly by farmers and tribal communities in both Maharashtra and Gujarat. In May 2018, around 50,000 farmers from nearly 60 villages protested against the high-speed rail, according to The Hindu. Read more
Courtesy: The Quint
The PESA law in India makes it mandatory for village councils to be consulted before any land and resource acquisition by higher-level authorities, but it is being blatantly violated in this Adivasi-dominated district of Odisha.
In the age of Sabka Saath Sabka Vikas, bullet trains, dams, amusement parks and shopping malls seem to have become markers of development. Both government and private entities are making a push for such development. But for Parmananda Munda, who is fighting for the land his community has lived on for 50 years, the government must be respectful of the law, if it truly wants sabka vikas or development for all.
By the law, Munda is referring to the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act of 1996 (PESA), which strengthens local self-governance and empowers panchayats to make decisions about land ownership and acquisition, natural resource management, minor forest produce and peace and dispute settlement. Read more
Courtesy: Feminism in India